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Facts on the Plant Kingdom

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Facts on the Plant Kingdom

Facts on the Plant Kingdom. The plant kingdom is a large group that includes mosses, flowers, ferns, bushes and trees. Although plants are similar to members of other kingdoms, such as the animal kingdom, because they have cells, a number of characteristics differentiate plants from other forms of life.

The plant kingdom is a large group that includes mosses, flowers, ferns, bushes and trees. Although plants are similar to members of other kingdoms, such as the animal kingdom, because they have cells, a number of characteristics differentiate plants from other forms of life.
Approximately 260,000 species of plants exist throughout the world, according to the National Magnetic Field Laboratory. Mosses are the smallest members of the plant kingdom; sequoia trees, which can grow to 300 feet in height, are the tallest, according to the National Magnetic Field Laboratory.
Most members of the plant kingdom are able to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis, where they take energy from sunlight and turn it into sugars, starches and other materials. Chlorophyll is a pigment that provides plants with their green color and helps them to produce carbohydrates.
Plants are eukaryotes, which means that they have organelles and a nucleus. Members of the plant kingdom differ from many other organisms because they have a cell wall structure to protects cells and chloroplasts, which help them to undergo photosynthesis.
Roots are responsible for providing minerals and water to a plant. Stems consist of branches and trunks that connect parts of a plant and store and transfer food with it. In plants, leaves are where photosynthesis processes occur, according to an article by Marshall Crosby and Peter Raven for the Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia.
In ecosystems, plants provide food and oxygen for organisms of different kingdoms, including the animal kingdom. Some plants are used to make medications, such as anti-inflammatory, cancer, anti-Parkinsonís, antibiotic, anticholinergic and antidepressant drugs.

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